Our most recent work examines, among others, the self, cognition and emotion, norm psychology, and varieties of interdependence across the globe, with behavioral, neuroendocrine, neuroscience, and genetic and epigenetic methods. Noohi F, Kinnaird C, De Dios YE, Kofman IS, Wood S, Bloomberg J, Mulavara A, Sienko KH, Polk TA, & Seidler RD (2020). In this commentary, we first pointed out that U.S.-Japan comparison that was not examined in ML2 had been the singular focus of the original study by Miyamoto and Kitayama (2002). Congeniality Biases. Arabs represent a pan-ethnic, cultural group of 400M people in 22 countries, spanning from North Africa to Western Asia. Importantly, this cultural difference is more pronounced among carriers of the 7- or 2-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene, a genetic variant that is known to heighten individual's sensitivity to cultural influences. However, not all people may respond in the same way. Specifically, I am interested in how culture influences the brain in social perception, perspective-taking, and moral reasoning. The facial feedback hypothesis states that facial actions can causally influence emotional experience. wellbeing) of this subjective experience. Graduate Students. New NSF funded project! One project involved a computational study of … At the age of globalization, it is increasingly important to recognize that countries that vary in history, cultural heritage, geopolitical economy, and the like could show corresponding diversity in various psychological effects. Moreover, healthy lifestyle mediates this relationship. We further showed that cross-cultural variability in the magnitude of CB can be predicted by various factors, such as perceived persuasiveness of essays, which suggests the need to take these factors into consideration when comparing the magnitude of CB across cultures. In recent years, our lab has focused on the following three research areas. Although researchers have theorized that the effect of facial actions is direct (through certain neurophysiological pathways) and is not mediated by cognitive processes, there has been no solid evidence supporting it. Psych 306 – GL Application; Other Service-Learning Opportunities; Transportation. Compared to non-carriers, carriers were more sensitive to reward signals in a gambling task. Our work is the first to elucidate this proposed mechanism by demonstrating that negative affect is differentially associated with diurnal cortisol profiles, the biological stress responses known to react to self-threat. We use basic and applied methodologies to pursue a variety of interests relevant to attitudes and persuasion, with applications to health and health disparities. Recognition of our efforts toward creating and maintaining an inclusive environment include: Suinn Achievement Awards. DR. POLK WAS NAMED THE SAMUEL D. EPSTEIN COLLEGIATE PROFESSOR OF PSYCHOLOGY for his work as an inspiring teacher, outstanding researcher and selfless administrator. The joint effect of relational orientation and perceptions of tightness vs. looseness of cultural norms illuminates how the reaction to norm violations is automatic and dynamically modulated. Integrating historical and anthropological sources with an emerging socio-ecological perspective, we argue that Arabs show a self-assertive form of interdependence, which involves both a strong commitment to in-groups and strong self-assertion for the sake of protecting the in-group. Welcome to the Michigan Neurogenetics and Developmental Psychopathology Lab! Copyright © 2015 The Regents of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA 734-764-1817 Each person has an ideographic pattern of both social orientation and cognitive style, which provides the basis for the personal level coherence. Edited by Dov Cohen and Shinobu Kitayama, this edition is now completely revised and over 90% new! Hannah graduated from the LSA Honors Program with a major in Psychology and English and minoring in Spanish. Other LSA Scholarships Financial Aid and Scholarships (CGIS) International Center (External Funding) International Center (UM Funding) MCompass Funding Search Gilman International Scholarship Wallenberg International Summer Travel Award Mary Sue & Kenneth Coleman Global … Cummings, J. R., Joyner, M. A., & Gearhardt, A. N. (2020). • Researchers indicate a contact telephone number (with an answering machine or voice mail) and Here we followed our earlier work (Na et al., 2010, PNAS) and showed that cultural syndromes of both social orientation (i.e., independent vs. interdependent) and cognitive style (i.e., analytic vs. holistic) are coherent at the collective level, but not at the individual level. Therefore, virtually nothing is known about how Arab people may be characterized by more implicit psychological tendencies and compare with (independent) Westerners and (interdependent) East Asians. http://sitemaker.umich.edu/apsa/home Latino/a Student Psychological Association (LSPA) The Latino Student Psychological (LSPA) is a graduate student organization at the University of Michigan that strives to increase the recruitment and retention of Latino students in the fields of psychology. Here, we provided the first evidence for this hypothesis. We used large cross-cultural surveys and showed that conscientiousness predicts better biological health among Americans. Britney Wardecker has accepted a position as an Assistant Professor the … The lab also uses computational modeling to develop and refine theories of the architectural mechanisms that underlie cognition. The coherence at the cultural level goes like this, "individualists are non-holistic." CV | Scholar | Email, The overarching goal of my research is to understand how culture interfaces with biology to influence our thinking, feeling, and behavior. The overall goal of the Psychology Department is to provide students with a broad background in the various levels of analysis and methodological approaches used in the study of behavior, particularly human behavior, and to prepare students for graduate study in a number of fields. Ours is the first evidence for a putative mechanism for the DRD4 x culture interaction effect in the endorsement of cultural values and the volume of specific cortical regions that supposedly support culturally sanctioned behaviors. Behavioral ratings yield consistent results, such that stimuli were rated less pleasant when frowning compared to when smiling. Hence, we may be advised to start with a cardinal assumption that countries that are excluded from the mainstream psychology (referred to as “less WEIRD samples” in ML2) could be diverse on a variety of dimensions including ones that are fundamentally psychological. The Department keeps a list of those who are interested in participating in research for pay. This shows how both tightness and interdependence dynamically interact to increase sensitivity to norms. It is also consistent with the earlier evidence that cardiovascular risks increase for Asian Americans by their U.S. generation status. Dr. Schreier was nominated by many students enrolled in her Introductory Psychology and Social Development courses. In this paper, we provide evidence that challenges the generalizability of this assumption by demonstrating that culture moderates the relationship between negative affect and biological stress responses, with a focus on the HPA-axis activity. The 2nd edition of the Handbook of Cultural Psychology, the field-defining book, is published! The goal of research in our lab is to understand the neural architecture that underlies cognition, that is, the set of (relatively) fixed neural structures and processes that give rise to cognition. We will have a lot to report in due course. The Golden Apple Award is one of the University's most prestigious teaching awards and the University's only student-chosen award for teaching excellence. March 10, 2020; National Science Foundation has funded our project, “Globalizing Cultural Psychology: Varieties of Interdependence Across Four Regions of the World.” Stay tuned! Here, we explored several lifestyle variables that might be associated with lower levels of both interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein and found a significant effect for both Japanese style diet and regular practice of relaxing bathing. 2013) showed that people of East Asian descent demonstrated a greater ability to suppress their emotional arousal to an unpleasant stimulus than people of European-American descent. The curriculum in psychology is intended to enhance one's understanding of behavioral science and of oneself and others in terms of concepts developed by study. In this paper, we show that the gray matter (GM) volume of a few prefrontal regions, including the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), is greater among European Americans than among East Asian-born Asians. We will have a lot to report in due course. The Golden Apple Award is one of the University's most prestigious teaching awards and the University's only student-chosen award for teaching excellence. In late adulthood, as physical and cognitive capacities decline, this ideal becomes less attainable, creating a cultural mismatch that is potentially alienating. Join. Undergraduate courses in psychology give students an opportunity to learn what research has shown about: Dr. Shelly Schreier delivered her "last lecture" to a packed Rackham Auditorium on April 4, 2013. The HAILab runs a joint lab meeting with the Media Psychology Lab.. Dr. Earl will be considering applications for admission to the PhD program in Social Psychology for the 2017 cycle. However, the exact individual difference across cultures that drove this effect remained unclear. This latter tendency, in turn, predicted impaired biological health. Psych Dept Transfer Credit Guidelines LSA Transfer Information & Residency Policy. COURSE GUIDE. IRB Health Sciences and Behavioral Sciences (HSBS) Institutional Review Board of the U-M Med School (IRBMED) Kristi Chin has received a 3-year Doctoral Scholarship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) of Canada! Psychologists call it “self talk” and say how we do it makes a big difference in both our mood and how we think about ourselves. Our work shows that interdependent self-construal impacts how people cope with external threats. We showed that a neural marker of norm violation detection (N400) increases when those who believe their societal norms to be tight (vs. loose) are induced to be relationally oriented. We find that countries that still maintain mandated BCG policies (e.g., China, Finland, and France) show significantly flatter growth curves, compared to those that had one only during the 20th century (e.g., Australia, Ecuador, and Spain) or those that never had one (e.g., Italy, Lebanon, and the U.S.). Psychology | U-M LSA The Department of Psychology is committed to a broad mission of excellence in research, teaching and apprenticeship. The present findings suggest that both social orientation and cognitive style are a construct consisting of loosely-related and yet, cross-temporally stable subdomains. Students can gain research training, experience in a wide variety of community settings, and tailor course selections to meet their long-term post-graduate goals. A Psychology degree, in conjunction with courses chosen from other disciplines, can prepare students for careers interacting with people of all ages and backgrounds in a wide range of fields. You can call Wendy at 734.615.9465 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. However, among Japanese, there was no direct association between conscientiousness and biological health. Welcome to the Health, Attitudes, and Influence Lab (HAILab) at the University of Michigan! FAQs; SharePoint Suggestions; Videos; Welcome to Project Outreach! Check out the labs of other U-M faculty in the Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience … Spring 2016 – Winter 2018. National Science Foundation has funded our project, “Globalizing Cultural Psychology: Varieties of Interdependence Across Four Regions of the World.” Stay tuned! About. Email. The two levels of coherence are distinct. Our website address is: https://graduation2020.psych.lsa.umich.edu/psych. Most of my work centers around a common psychological process: People hold lay beliefs about the world that guide their expectations for novel experiences; these belief-informed expectations in turn guide perceptions, emotions, motivations and behavior. Ethan Kross, Ph.D. LSPA is committed to providing a supportive and diverse learning environment for its graduate student … We also present preliminary evidence that as a function of time the East Asians have stayed in the U.S., their brain becomes "Americanized" (i.e., increased OFC GM volume), but only if they are the carriers. Smiling expression produces an opposite, albeit weaker effect. The observation suggests that people selectively use cultural resources, particularly cultural tasks, to weave their identity in an idiographic fashion. This empirical effort is an important step forward! The few empirical studies that exist are limited to explicit self-reports, which are subject to response biases, lack predictive validity, etc. Getting Started; MVR Authorization Instructions; Requesting a Vehicle – Approved Drivers Only! Our earlier work found that Japanese show remarkably better health profiles compared to Americans, including lower levels of inflammation. In this paper, we test whether countries that mandate BCG vaccination show flattened growth curves in COVID-19 infections and deaths, compared to those that do not. E-Mail: email@example.com Phone: (734) 764-2580. Congratulations, Dr. Polk! The paper addresses the factors that influence the spontaneous detection of norm violations. To pursue this overarching research agenda, I have examined (i) the psychological mechanisms linked to interdependence in cultures outside of East Asia, (ii) how deeply culture influences spontaneous self-referential thought, and (iii) cultural influences on norms and their impact on recent societal trends. Major outbreaks are being reported after large social gatherings. Methodologically, the study calls for novel ways to access measurement equivalence. We typically prefer information that is consistent with our current attitudes, beliefs, and behavior versus information that challenges what we currently think or … firstname.lastname@example.org. I am hoping to explore differences in how people use these strategies across cultures. We end with a plea for systematic cross-cultural research in social psychology that is based on due respect for diversity on many human dimensions. It has been theorized that negative affect may have culturally divergent health effects depending on whether it is interpreted as a failure of self-control, and thus poses a threat to the self, or is generally accepted as a natural aspect of life, and thus does not pose a self-threat. In this paper, we show that the late positive potential (LPP), an electrocortical marker of emotional arousal in response to arousing stimuli, is modulated by one's facial expressions. It has been long theorized that culture and brain constitute each other. What this means is that conscientious Japanese work so hard because of the sense of social duty that they become less healthy. This study opens up a new direction of research to look at how culture may "go deep under the skin" to influence the structural and functional organization of the brain. We demonstrated that inducing relational orientation (a proxy of interdependence) increased sensitivity to norms. 2020. To participate in Asian cultural conventions requires perspective-taking and thus entails active recruitment of TPJ. Globalizing Cultural Psychology. Previous work found negligible correlations among the tasks measuring social orientation and cognitive style in spite of reliable cultural differences in the same tasks. We propose that Western cultural contexts uphold a "youthful" ideal of active, positive independence. We provide evidence suggesting that BCG vaccination can be effective in "flattening the curve." We try to understand how the sociocultural world and the mind make each other up to influence various facets of psychological function including cognition, emotion, motivation, the self, and health. Age differences in vestibular brain connectivity are associated with balance performance. Email, My research interest generally lies in judgment and decision making, culture, and emotion. Lab News GRADUATE STUDENT NEWS! We recognize undergraduate students who have received departmental awards as well … We have used a wide array of methods including behavioral and neural measures as well as genetic and epigenetic indicators. This is the first demonstration that interdependent self-construal is critical for the efficacy of suppression as an emotional regulation technique for East Asians, but not for European-Americans. Thank you for your interest in becoming a part of Dr. Kross’ Emotion and Self-Control Lab. Thus, our finding contributes to the growing evidence that culture is inscribed into the brain through reinforcement-based learning. A personality trait that is salubrious in one context may not be in another. The finding that the TPJ is greater in volume for Asians than for European Americans suggests that there is a structural brain basis for a known cultural variation in the propensity toward perspective-taking, which is higher for Asians than for European Americans. email@example.com. and future thinking, in-cultural contexts. The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have devastating consequences around the globe, without a current solution. The undergraduate programs in psychology are the largest in the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts. Our students represent almost 20% of LSA graduates. Introductory Psychology Subject Pool- Open to UM Intro Psych Students Paid Psychology Subject Pool. cognitive reappraisal) and externally (e.g. This suggests that a congruence between culture, self-construal, and emotion regulation technique may be necessary for effective emotion regulation. Our findings suggest that COVID-19 may spread faster in societies that facilitate broader social contact with others than those that don't. Additionally, I am interested in how genetics interacts with cultural dynamics at both behavioral and neural level. Our paper, however, presents the first evidence that culture can shape the morphometric property of the human brain. Despite their numerous contributions to arts and science, and their key role in global business and politics, Arabs are relatively neglected in extant social and cultural psychological literature. Specifically, I am interested in the mechanisms underlying cultural variations in cognition and the ways individuals organize themselves within groups. Importantly, we induced relational tendencies with a previously validated subliminal priming procedure. Compared to their low RM counterparts, we find that countries high in RM compared have steeper growth rates of COVID-19 confirmed cases and deaths. For Americans, negative affect was associated with a flattening of the diurnal cortisol slope. Click here to read on news.umich.edu. This work is yet another demonstration that what appears to be a pan-cultural relationship between personality and health is contingent on socio-cultural context. Prior evidence shows that specific allelic variants of the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) sensitize carriers of these variants to cultural values and practices. Email, My research interests revolve around culture and group dynamics. Specifically, I am focusing on how culture influences our motivation to conform and to trust in norms. Prior work suggests that in the presence of threat people become more attune to norms. firstname.lastname@example.org 4032 East Hall 734.936.1495 Psychology ; Biopsychology ; GFP Faculty Affiliate Department of Psychology The temporoparietal junction (TPJ) is a region of the brain that is involved uniquely in perspective-taking. … This paper outlines a theoretical model for understanding how culture shapes the psychological experience of aging. Recent evidence shows that interdependent people may feel less alarmed by a threat because of the sense of social connection relationships provide. Moreover, conscientiousness predicted a tendency to carry out social obligations faithfully. In particular, a frowning expression increases LPP in response to negative stimuli, but decreases LPP in response to positive stimuli. Lab Director. Psych OUT at The University of Michigan was founded in 2016 by a group of graduate students who were interested in creating an inclusive space for queer graduate students in The Department of Psychology. undergraduate psych events. Polk, T.A. Our paper calls into question this accepted wisdom. RM is the community's tendency to engage with strangers and freely choose friends. However, at the individual level, you may or may not be non-holistic just because you are an individualist. We then confirmed that the original finding does successfully replicate in ML2, with CB greater in magnitude in the U.S. than in Japan. This kind of conceptualization could explain both reliable cultural differences at the group level and negligible correlations at the individual level. Health Attitudes & Influence Lab. CV | Scholar | Email | Twitter | Website, My research interests revolve broadly around understanding why and how cultural differences exist and manifest. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. The origin of the cultural variation may lie in cultural learning, as suggested by the moderation of the cultural difference by the DRD4 gene. We explore how people can control their emotions to improve our understanding of how self-control works and to discover ways of enhancing self-control in daily life. This research underscores the need for social distancing to “flatten the curve,” especially in countries that value social openness (such as the U.S., Spain, Brazil, Mexico, and Canada). email@example.com | Department of Psychology. Is conscientiousness (a personality trait composed of diligence, dutifulness, and organization) healthy? By using a direct and well-validated electrophysiological signature of emotional arousal, our study thus provides the first evidence that facial actions may directly modulate cortical and subcortical emotional processing. Tightness and Interdependence are seen as two orthogonal, but related cultural dimensions. Here, we measured independent vs. interdependent self-construal and found that this moderated the ability to suppress emotions (as measured by the LPP) in East Asians but not European-Americans. About . These individualized profiles do have stability over time, the study finds. Evidence linking obesity and substance use disorders continues to grow, which has led to increased interest in the role of an addictive process in problematic eating behavior. Importantly, this only occurred for individuals who perceive their social context to be tight. Notably, had the US been lower in relational mobility – as low as Japan, the COVID-related deaths would have been 8% (281) of the actual number reported at the end of the 30-day study period (3417). In contrast, this relationship was negligible among Japanese. Our findings offer implications for the conditions in which norm-violating behaviors are monitored and the pertinent cultural norms enforced. substance use). Cultural psychology has come of age over the last three decades by documenting systematic variations between Westerners (primarily North Americans of European descent) and East Asians (primarily those of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean descent) in … What personal data we collect and why we collect it Comments. Dr. Shelly Schreier Nominated by Psychology Students for Golden Apple Award Dr. Shelly Schreier delivered her "last lecture" to a packed Rackham Auditorium on April 4, 2013. Email, My research interests revolve around the sense of self across time, namely autobiographical memory On the other hand, Asian cultural contexts prioritize adjusting to age-graded social roles, which may be more attainable throughout the lifespan. Our brain may plastically change when we actively and repeatedly engage in some set of routines available in our culture to achieve certain widely valued goals such as independence in North America and interdependence in Asia. Click here to read on news.umich.edu. A recent press release from the University of Michigan’s Research News team featured our new paper, first-authored by graduate student Martha Berg. Cultural norms enforced this means is that conscientious Japanese work so hard because the... It highlights the fact that within-person variability among different tasks can be an RA with access to Subject.! Access to Subject Pool now completely revised and over 90 % NEW mobility ( RM is... That conscientious Japanese work so hard because of the Handbook of cultural Psychology, study., M. A., & Gearhardt, A. N. ( 2020 ), among Japanese, there was no association. And neural measures as well as genetic and epigenetic indicators be a pan-cultural relationship between personality health! 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Then confirmed that the original finding does successfully replicate in ML2, with CB greater in magnitude the. With balance performance is robust and replicable departmental awards as well … Welcome to project Outreach has received 3-year! 'S only student-chosen Award for teaching excellence individualists are non-holistic. with external threats for Americans, lower! Here, we provided the first evidence that cardiovascular risks increase for Asian Americans by their U.S. generation status email! Salubrious in one context may not be TAKING a NEW PHD STUDENT for the personal level coherence represent! Undergraduate students who have received departmental awards as well as genetic and epigenetic indicators PHD STUDENT for the personal coherence... People use to control their emotions, both internally ( e.g around the sense of connection! Have received departmental awards as well as genetic and epigenetic indicators are limited to explicit self-reports, which provides basis... 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