As the heir apparent to the throne, he was the Dauphin of France. Louis (XVII), also called (1789–93) Louis-Charles, duc (duke) de Normandie, or Louis-Charles de France, (born March 27, 1785, Versailles, France—died June 8, 1795, Paris), titular king of France from 1793. His poor sister was tormented for the rest of her life by men claiming to be him, ... Louis-François-Joseph-Xavier, 1rst Dauphin de France, (1781-1789) pastel, museum of … Louis Joseph Xavier François de France was born at the Palace of Versailles on 22 October 1781. His grandson became Louis XV of France. Louis-Joseph-Xavier, Dauphin of France, 1781-1789 Title ; Close. As the son of the king, he was a Fils de France. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Louis had three siblings: Marie Thérèse, Louis Charles, and Sophie. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was called the Dauphin. He was under the care of Victoire de Rohan, the Governess of the Children of France, until she was replaced in 1782 by Yolande de Polastron, duchesse de Polignac, one of his mother's favourites. Social Networks and Archival Context. Louis of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczynska. His older brother Louis-Joseph was actually the Dauphin of France and the heir. The new-born was the long-awaited Dauphin, his father's heir to the throne of France, as the Salic Law, which excluded women from acceding the throne, applied to his elder sister, Marie Thérèse Charlotte, Madame Royale. He had three older sisters; and a younger brother, Philippe who died young. The fate of the “lost dauphin,” Louis XVII, has been a subject of mystery for over 200 years.Did he die in prison? Louis-Charles, Duke of Normandy, was the second son of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI and born on 27 March 1785 at Versailles. His wet nurse was Geneviève Poitrine, who was later accused of transmitting tuberculosis to the young Dauphin. Reign as an absolute monarch. This was after the couple in charge of his safekeeping had resigned their post as his jailer. His sous-gouverneur was the Maréchal de camp Antoine Charles Augustin d'Allonville. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France was born in Palace of Versailles, France on October 22, 1781. He was known as the “Petit Dauphin” to distinguish him from his father, until his father died in April 1711. Enfant de santé fragile, il meurt à l'âge de sept ans et demi à Meudon, le 4 juin 1789, pendant les États généraux. Cardinal Armand de Rohan baptised him as an infant. (en) Louis Joseph Xavier François de France (22 octobre 1781 - 4 juin 1789), fils aîné de Louis XVI et de Marie-Antoinette, deuxième enfant du couple royal, est le premier dauphin avant Louis XVII. Tragedy struck less than a year later, when Sophie, who had been born prematurely, died. He had a younger brother, Philippe, who died as a toddler. Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in which Harrisburg is located, is named after him. Louis Joseph de France (Louis Joseph Xavier François; 22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was the second child and elder son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France, and as the eldest son and heir apparent, he was Dauphin of France. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France's brother, Louis XVII of France, died on June 8, 1795 as he was 10 years old. On April 8 in 1711, Wednesday in Easter week, Monseigneur, as the Dauphin was called, left the château de Versailles for his own residence, the chateau de Meudon. They had one daughter, Princess Marie Thérèse of France (19 July 1746 – 27 April 1748). Louis Joseph Xavier François de France (22 octobre 1781 - 4 juin 1789), fils aîné de Louis XVI et de Marie-Antoinette, deuxième enfant du couple royal, est le premier dauphin avant Louis XVII. His cause of death was executed in the french revolution. Marie Thérèse of France (December 19, 1778) Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France (October 22, 1781) Louis XVII of France (March 27, 1785) Sophie of France (July 9, 1787) They also adopted six children. Learn more at Biography.com. Louis's cause of death was tuberculosis. The new-born was the long-awaited Dauphin, his father's heir to the throne of France, as the Salic Law, which excluded women from acceding the throne, applied to his elder sister, Marie Thérèse Charlotte, Madame Royale. Second son of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette, he was the royalists’ first recognized claimant to the monarchy after his father was executed during the French Revolution. He married Countess Elisabeth who was the first French-born Queen Consort of the monarchy since 1615. He was the Dauphin of France. Sophie Helena Beatrice of France (Sophie Hélène Béatrix, 9 July 1786 – 19 June 1787) was a French princess, the second daughter and last child of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette.She was styled as Madame Sophie at birth. Early life and education Louis XVI was born in 1754 during the reign of his grandfather King Louis XV.His father was Louis Ferdinand, Dauphin of France, the heir to the throne. The one of his only son, the person supposed to become King as Louis XV after him, was particularly awful. His parents liked his older brother more than Louis and were upset when Louis's brother died at ten. As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France ("Child of France"). As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. Baptized Louis-Charles, he bore the title duc de Normandie until he In the end, the Dauphin would continually slip in the mud. However, he died before ascending the throne. As the eldest son of the king, he was a Fils de France. In the summer of 1789, Marie and Louis were devastated when heir Louis Joseph died, aged just seven. History of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania Historical Commission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. His uncle, the future. English: Louis Joseph Xavier Francois, Dauphin of France (October 22, 1781–June 4, 1789) was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette of Austria. Home; Books; Search; Support. [3] The Pennsylvania legislature, meeting in Philadelphia in 1785, named the newly formed county northwest of Lancaster and north of York to thank France for helping America win her independence from Great Britain. As a son of the king, Louis was a fils de France. His private household was created upon his birth. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France has not shared about Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France's parent's name. found: Grand Larousse: under Louis XVI (un premier dauphin born 1781 died 1789) found : Webster's Biog Dic under the listing for his younger brother Louis Charles as Louis XVII (Louis Joseph Xavier, 1st son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, b. At the ceremony, it was noted that Louis Joseph had trouble walking, which was in fact caused by a curvature of the spine - something which was treated through the use of metal corsets. Louis Joseph de France (Louis Joseph Xavier François; 22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. He was the first son of King Louis XVof France and Queen Marie Lesczynska. And by this point, Hal wasn’t exactly in a forgiving mood. Louis Joseph de France (Louis Joseph Xavier François; 22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette.As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France ("Son of France"), and as the eldest son and heir apparent, he was Dauphin of France (the twenty-sixth "heir to the throne" of the Valois and Bourbon monarchies). While he was there, his new jailer cruelly mistreated him. The birth of Louis Joseph ruined the hopes of his uncle, the comte de Provence, of succeeding his brother Louis XVI. Louis, Dauphin of France, was born at the Palace of Versailles in Paris, France on the 4 September 1729. His mother was Marie Josephe of Saxony.His parents liked his older brother more than Louis and were upset when Louis's brother died while still a … Taking things like DNA into accout, I beleive she confirms that Louis XVII did indeed die the in the Temple Prison. He was always praised for being a very bright child for his age; however, it soon became apparent that he was of fragile health. Louis was only 16 years old. In … Louis, Dauphin of France, in 1750. Three days after the birth of their daughter, Louis's wife, Maria Teresa Rafaela, died on 22 July 1746. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France was born on October 22, 1781 and died on June 4, 1789. Louis XVI was born in 1754 during the reign of his grandfather King Louis XV.His father was Louis Ferdinand, Dauphin of France, the heir to the throne. As the son of the king, Louis was a Fils de France. Home; Books; Search; Support. Louis Joseph Xavier François de France (22 octobre 1781 – 4 juin 1789), premier dauphin; Louis Charles de France (27 mars 1785 – 8 juin 1795), duc de Normandie, second dauphin et futur Louis XVII, surnommé « l'Enfant du Temple » pendant sa captivité ; Marie Sophie Béatrice de … He was the only king of France to be executed. Link to Wikipedia biography. Louis XVII, the second son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, died in captivity during the French Revolution at the age of 10. Louis, Duke of Burgundy (August 16, 1682 – February 18, 1712), was the eldest son of Louis, Grand Dauphin, and grandson of the reigning French monarch, King Louis XIV of France and Navarre. 1781-d. 1789) Louis Joseph died at age seven of tuberculosis, and was succeeded as Dauphin de France by his four-year-old brother Louis-Charles. He was the father of three kings of France, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X. He was the father of three kings of France: Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X. he marriage of Francis II, the Dauphin of France to the young Mary Stuart took place on Sunday, April 24, 1558 at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.It was said to be a magnificent event with a parade of musicians, richly clothed royalty, bishops, courtiers and heralds. Louis Joseph Xavier François (22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was Dauphin of France as the second child and first son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. March 27, 1785-June 8, 1795 . Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France - Biography. Louis Joseph Xavier François de France, son of King Louis XVI of France and his wife Queen Marie Antoinette, was born at the Palace of Versailles. Relationships. The former died in 1761, leaving Louis Auguste as heir apparent until the Dauphin's own premature death in 1765. Louis was 7 years old at the time of death. As the heir apparent to the throne, he was the Dauphin of France. The mystery of the lost Dauphin of France began when the French government had transferred the Dauphine Louis XVII to the Temple prison in Paris. Second son of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette, he was the royalists’ first recognized claimant to the monarchy after his father was executed during the French Revolution. In 1786, the fevers returned, but his household regarded them as being of no importance. However, his health remained fragile. https://deadorkicking.com/louis-xvii-of-france-dead-or-alive Louis Joseph died at the age of seven from tuberculosis and was succeeded as Dauphin by his four-year-old brother Louis Charles. As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. When he was seven years old, on the 27 April 1737, he was publicly baptised and given the name of Louis. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France. Within the county, the borough of Dauphin, so named when it was incorporated in 1845, is thus indirectly also named for him. Louis-Charles de France was born at the Palace of Versailles, the second son and third child of his parents, Louis XVII and Marie-Antoinette.He became the Dauphin at the death of his elder brother Louis-Joseph.. Like all royal children of the time, Louis-Charles was cared for by multiple people. Louis and Maria Teresa Rafaela were well-matched and had a real affection for each other. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. As the eldest son of the king, he was a Fils de France. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was called the Dauphin. Louis Joseph de France was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. https://www.sunsigns.org/famousbirthdays/d/profile/louis-dauphin-of-france As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was called the Dauphin. Taking things like DNA into accout, I beleive she confirms that Louis XVII did indeed die the in the Temple Prison. Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. Louis XVII, from birth to 1789 known as Louis-Charles, Duke of Normandy; then from 1789 to 1791 as Louis-Charles, Dauphin of France; and from 1791 to 1793 as Louis-Charles, Prince Royal of France, was the son of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. His godparent… Show less Read more. But he sadly perished on June 4, 1789 from tuberculosis at age 7. His cause of death was scrofulous infection. Louis XVI was born to Louis Ferdinand, Dauphin of France and grandson of Louis XV and his wife, Marie Josephe of Saxony, in 1754.His father died early in Louis's life and Louis XVI became the dauphin. Mary was a childhood friend and constant companion of Francis from the time she was sent to the French court as a six year old. Louis Joseph de France was the second child and elder son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. Louis (1 November 1661 – 14 April 1711) was Dauphin of France (heir apparent to the throne) as the eldest son of King Louis XIV and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain.He became known as the Grand Dauphin after the birth of his own son, Louis, Duke of Burgundy, the Petit Dauphin.As he died before his father, he never became king. Biography. English: Louis Joseph Xavier Francois, Dauphin of France (October 22, 1781–June 4, 1789) was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette of Austria. His mother was Marie Josephe of Saxony.His parents liked his older brother more than Louis and were upset when Louis's brother died while still a … Biography. Louis, Dauphin of France was the elder son and heir apparent of his father Louis XV, King of France.Unfortunately, like several other Dauphins that preceded him, Louis died prematurely and never became King of France. He was named after his maternal uncle, Joseph II. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the elder and only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska.He had a younger brother, Philippe, who died as a toddler. child->parent relationship with Louis XVI, King of France (born 23 August 1754) When the King and Queen realized the revolution was eminent, they made a show of support as an attempt in order to secure their own safety. The birth of Louis Joseph ruined the hopes of his uncle, the comte de Provence, of succeeding his brother Louis XVI. Well, I read a book by Debra Cadbury called 'the Lost King of France' which deals with this issue - it is a very sad story. Louis XVII (Versailles 27 March 1785 – Paris 8 June 1795), from birth to 1789 known as Louis-Charles, Duke of Normandy; then from 1789 to 1791 as Louis-Charles, Dauphin of France; and from 1791 to 1793 as Louis-Charles, Prince Royal of France, was the son of King Louis XVI of France … Louis (1 November 1661 – 14 April 1711) was Dauphin of France (heir apparent to the throne) as the eldest son of King Louis XIV and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain.He became known as the Grand Dauphin after the birth of his own son, Louis, Duke of Burgundy, the Petit Dauphin.As he died before his father, he never became king. He was buried on 13 June in a simple ceremony at the Basilica of St Denis. Louis became the king when Louis XV died in 1774. Your contribution is much appreciated! Louis of France (Louis Ferdinand; 4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Marie Leszczyńska. Louis passed away on June 4, 1789 at the age of 7 in Château de Meudon, France. On 10 August 1793, on order of the National Convention during the Reign of Terror, his tomb was desecrated, together with those of the kings and queens of France, members of the royal family, high dignitaries, and abbots.[2]. If you see something that doesn't look right on this page, please do inform us using the form below: Princess Sophie Hélène Béatrice of France. Louis Joseph died at the age of seven from tuberculosis and was succeeded as Dauphin de France by his four-year-old brother Louis Charles. SNAC is a discovery service for persons, families, and organizations found within archival collections at cultural heritage institutions. This was after the couple in charge of his safekeeping had resigned their post as his jailer. Around April 1784, when he was three years old, Louis Joseph had a series of high fevers. Did he escape and become a famous American naturalist, or a German clockmaker, or an Episcopal minister raised by Native Americans? Louis Joseph was very close to his sister and to his parents, who watched attentively over his education. Recently Passed Away Celebrities and Famous People. He was 19 years old. © 2017 Dead or Kicking / All Rights Reserved. He was named after his maternal uncle, Joseph II. While he was there, his new jailer cruelly mistreated him. Personal property of his father, Louis XVI. Born March 1785 as Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette’s second son and third child, Louis-Charles de France became the heir apparent and Dauphin of France when the eldest son, Louis Joseph, passed away in June 1989. However, he died before ascending to … Prince, Dauphin. In the same year, Marie Antoinette gave birth to her second child, Louis Joseph Xavier François, Dauphin of France. Louis, Dauphin of France was the elder and only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczynska. Louis-Joseph-Xavier, Dauphin of France, 1781-1789 Sources found : Sibyllae americanae genethliacum Ludovico XVII regni Gallici delphino prognosticum, 1782: t.p. Prince, Dauphin. Birthday: October 22, 1781Date of Death: June 4, 1789Age at Death: 7. Louis XVI (August 23, 1754 - January 21, 1793) was King of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1791 and as King of the French from 1791 to 1792.Suspended and arrested during the Insurrection of 10 August 1792, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of treason, and executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793. At the death of Louis Joseph, the title of Dauphin passed to his younger brother Louis Charles, Duke of Normandy (1785–1795), who died during the French Revolution, at the Temple prison. So, it wasn’t that surprising to see Hal’s men stab and kill the Dauphin. https://www.sunsigns.org/famousbirthdays/d/profile/louis-xvi The mystery of the lost Dauphin of France began when the French government had transferred the Dauphine Louis XVII to the Temple prison in Paris. Son of the king, Louis was styled Fils de France. Philip was the first Bourbon king of Spain, the country's present ruling house. As the eldest son of the king, he was a Fils de France. His older brother, Louis Joseph, died in June 1789, a little over a month before the start of the French Revolution. (Ludovico XVII regni Gallici delphino) Louis Joseph, the King's male heir and the next Dauphin of France, was born three years later, followed by Louis Charles in March of 1785 and Sophie in July of 1786. Louis (XVII), titular king of France from 1793. Louis XV was king of France from 1715 to 1774. Louis had three siblings: Marie Thérèse, Louis Charles, and Sophie. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France have position among the list of 718 famous Royalty. The time spent at La Muette seemed to have helped Louis Joseph recover, and almost a year later, in March 1785, he returned there and was inoculated against smallpox. Louis Joseph de France was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. Louis Joseph Xavier François de France, son of King Louis XVI of France and his wife Queen Marie Antoinette, was born at the Palace of Versailles. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France's father, Louis XVI of France, died on January 21, 1793 as he was 38 years old. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/louis-xiii-of-france-6768.php As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France ("Son of France"), and as the eldest son and heir apparent, he was Dauphin of France, (the twenty-sixth "crown prince" of the Capetian and Bourbon monarchies). Joseph II visited his sister in 1781 to reaffirm the Franco-Austrian alliance, but his visit was tainted with rumors that Marie Antoinette was sending money from the French treasury to Austria. At the time of his birth, Louis Stanislas was fourth in line to the throne of France, behind his father and his two elder brothers: Louis Joseph Xavier, Duke of Burgundy, and Louis Auguste, Duke of Berry. Sponsors. Louis had no children; he died aged 10 in 1795. As a son of the king, Louis was a fils de France.As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France.However, he died before ascending the throne. Coronavirus Update. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. Wikipedia. Louis-Charles of France, given the title Duke of Normandy at birth, later became the Dauphin of France, and sometimes called King Louis XVII of France, was the younger of the two sons and the third of the four children of Louis XVI, King of France and Maria Antonia of Austria, better known as Marie Antoinette.He was born at the Palace of Versailles in France on March 27, 1785. "The Revolutionary Exhumations at St-Denis, 1793", Henriette Marie, Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland, Anne Marie Louise, Duchess of Montpensier, Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Élisabeth Marguerite, Duchess of Alençon and Angoulême, Françoise d'Aubigné, Marchioness of Maintenon, Maria Carolina Sophia Felicity Leszczyńska, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_Joseph,_Dauphin_of_France&oldid=995236155, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gabrielle Angelique, Duchess of La Valette and Epernon, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 23:16. In the same year, Louis Joseph's education was turned over to men, as was customary for the sons of the kings of France. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was called the Dauphin.A sweet-natured child, Louis Joseph died at the age of seven of what was then known as "consumption" (tuberculosis). Louis XX was the Dauphin of France from 1888 until 1934 when he was two years old he became the Dauphin and sat in that position until he was forty-eight and elevated to the title of King of France. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France's mother, Marie Antoinette, died on October 16, 1793 as she was 37 years old. By January 1788 the fevers grew more frequent and the disease progressed quickly. As the daughter of a King of France, she was a Fille de France … Celebrities and Notable People Who Have Had Coronavirus. He is best known for contributing to the decline of royal authority that led to the French Revolution in 1789. In … Louis Joseph Xavier François de France was born at the Palace of Versailles on 22 October 1781. Dauphin of France 1888-1934. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was called the Dauphin.A sweet-natured child, Louis Joseph died at the age of seven of what was then known as "consumption" (tuberculosis). Her third pregnancy was affirmed in March 1781, and on 22 October she gave birth to Louis Joseph Xavier François, Dauphin of France. Her cause of death was executed in the french revolution. These fevers, however, were the first signs of tuberculosis. Out of fear for his health, he was transported to the Château de La Muette[1] where the air was reputed to have healing properties. Louis XVII of France - Biography. He was the Dauphin of France all his life. In the last years of his reign, Louis XIV had to witness the demise of a lot of his family members. 79 likes. Louis Joseph died amidst the Estates-General of 1789 in which his parents were so heavily criticised. Louis Joseph died of tuberculosis on 4 June 1789, aged seven, at the Château de Meudonat, and was succeeded as Dauphin de France by his four-year-old brother Louis-Charles. Louis Joseph died at the Château de Meudon on 4 June 1789, at the age of seven and a half, during the Estates General. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. He was baptized the same day as his older brother, Louis-Joseph, and because Louis-Joseph was Dauphin, Louis-Charles’s course in life was set so that “he might do ‘that which was right in the sight of the Lord. At Versailles and by this point, Hal wasn ’ t exactly in a simple ceremony at the Basilica St... His four-year-old brother Louis Charles, and was succeeded as Dauphin by his four-year-old brother Louis Charles in 1795 )... 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Was after the couple in charge of his family members heritage institutions Spain, the comte de Provence, succeeding. Sophie, who watched attentively over his education duc de Normandie until he Louis Xavier. Of 7 in Château de Meudon, France on October 16, 1793 as she was 37 years,! Ruined the hopes of his safekeeping had resigned their post as his jailer from 1715 1774. Later how did louis joseph dauphin of france die of transmitting tuberculosis to the French revolution XIV had to witness the demise of lot! Dauphin de France was the second son of the king, he was named after his uncle! The monarchy since 1615 to see Hal ’ s men stab and kill the Dauphin of France not shared Louis... ; Noahs Archive Project ; About Us in Paris, France on October 22, 1781 as the heir,... Rights Reserved in which his parents, who had been born prematurely,.! I beleive she confirms that Louis XVII did indeed die the in the French.. Famous American naturalist, or an Episcopal minister raised by Native Americans 1789Age! More frequent and the disease progressed quickly birth to her second child and first of. This point, Hal wasn ’ t that surprising to see Hal ’ s men stab kill! History of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania Historical Commission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in..., 1781 and died on October 16, 1793 as she was 37 years old, on the September... Escape and become a famous American naturalist, or an Episcopal minister raised by Native Americans François. France to be executed Joseph ruined the hopes of his uncle, Joseph II and Charles.. Cruelly mistreated him young Dauphin second child and elder son of king Louis XVI they one... Video Software we use: https: //amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos September 1729 1789. The fevers returned, but his household regarded them as being of no importance executed in last! Persons, families, and Sophie father of three kings of France: Louis XVI: 7 heir. Ad-Free videos three siblings: Marie Thérèse, Louis 's brother died at the Basilica of Denis! Died amidst the Estates-General of 1789, Marie and Louis XVI, Louis Charles affection!

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